Gilgit Hunza strategically located in the most critical region in the Karakorum and makes the trade center of the area for centuries. It’s the capital city and administrative center of Gilgit-Baltistan. Gilgit Hunza city was known as “Sargin” years before but later turned to Gilgit Hunza. This area is fed by the waters of Hunza, Ghizer and Indus River along with the several of their tributaries. Shina is the most spoken language in the town while English and Urdu are now widely spoken languages there.
The visitors to Hunza valley are excited by the beautiful hills, the fragrant breeze singing through graceful poplar trees and the velvet-like green carpet of fields, with the alluring beauty of snow-covered mountains.
The valley provides views of several tall mountains, including Rakaposhi, Ultar Sar, Bojahagur Duanasir II, GhentaSar, Hunza Peak, Darmyani Peak, and Bublimating (Ladyfinger Peak). A watch tower is located in the heart of Ganish Village; Baltit Fort stands on top of Karimabad whereas Altit Fort lies somewhat lower down the valley on another outcrop.
There are many worth seeing places in Hunza, e.g.:
- Baltit Fort
- Mominabad Village
- Ganesh Village
- Channel walk
- Queen Victoria Monument
- Altit & Baltit Fort
- Sacred Rocks at Hunza
- Naltar Valley
- Hopper Valley
Gilgit Hunza experiences a cold desert climate. The winter season in the valley prolongs for eight to nine months a year. Gilgit Hunza lacks significant rain fall, averaging in 120 to 240 mili meters annually. Irrigation for land cultivation is obtained from the rivers, abundant with melting snow water from higher altitudes.
Tourism season to Hunza valley starts from May to October, because in winters the Karakorum Highway is often blocked by the snow. Hunza Valley’s temperature in May reaches a maximum to 26 C, and a minimum of 10 C, and in October maximum is 23 C & minimum is 02 C.
- The lower Hunza area starts from Khizerabad to Nasirabad which is inhabited by Shina speaker people.
- The central Hunza area starts from Murtazabad to Attabad which is mostly populated by the Burushaski speakers. “Domaki” community is also inhabited here for centuries in the village called “Baltit.”
- The Upper region of Hunza is known as “Gojal” which is occupied by the “Wakhi” speakers.
Proper health facilities are also available in the valley, medical centers are mentioned below:
- DHQ Hospital Gilgit
- CMH Gilgit
- Agha Khan Medical Center, Gilgit